Pakistan’s Joyland at Cannes Film Festival mocks at age-old traditions

Joyland, reportedly the first ever Pakistani work at the Cannes Film Festival, has a huge resemblance to Bollywood fare, and surprisingly so. For, Karachi was the center of Hindi and Urdu cinema before the Indian subcontinent was divided. Saim Sadiq’s debut feature, Joyland, which was part of the 12-day event’s Un Certain Regard meant for experimental cinema, does have a lot of freshness as far as performances and settings go. There is a natural ease with which the actors play out their parts, and Lahore’s lower middle-class ambiance infuses a touch of lovely authenticity. And it is bold for a Pakistani work that traces a love story between a trans-woman and a married man with a couple of intimate scenes thrown in. (Also read: At Cannes 2022, Iran’s Holy Spider raises unholy smoke in theater and outside)

Considered a ‘son’, it becomes a path to liberation which comes with a painful heartbreak and a tragic death. Examining the underlying tension in a family, which is firmly entrenched in the laws of patriarchy with an elderly father firmly in the saddle of the household of two sons, their wives and children, Sadiq (whose 2019 short Darling won a prize at Venice), nudges us towards a storm. The clouds get dark and ominous as the scenes flit by.

A little into Joyland, we do see murmurs of protest and even a streak of defiance that come from the younger daughter-in-law, Mumtaz (Rasti Farooq), who is terribly unhappy at having to quit her job, when her husband Ali Junejo’s Haider lands one. In fact, it is his story that the director places at the center, to lead us into a couple of alleys. His work involves being a background prop to a trans dancer, Biba, essayed by Alina Khan with steely courage, fighting a society that is terribly unkind to her. But when Haider begins to respect her and even love her for what she is, Biba’s harsh exterior melts, and hope fills her heart.

The film mocks at age-old traditions; Haider happily plays house-husband taking care of his three little nieces and helping his sister-in-law with chores, including cooking. Sadiq’s screenplay gently navigates through these in a complex plot of lies. What emerges is a compelling human drama in which gender roles and narrow thinking are challenged. The walls of Haider’s home begin to crumble, laying bare family secrets that have remained buried for years. Contrasting this is the sweet and subtle romance (with bits of daring passion) between Bibi and Haider captured in the shadows of the night or the red glow of backstage lighting through the lens of Joe Saade. A melancholic sense of love is created with long silences.

Sadiq distracts us now and then with lighter and really novel moments. When power fails while Mumtaz is getting a bride ready at the parlor, the girls there switch on their mobile phone lights to get the job done. The scene would be repeated during Biba’s erotic stage show, when members of the audience keep the dancers going by shining their phone torches. There are moments of lyricism as Haider glides through the night on a scooter, carrying a giant wooden promotional image of Biba. But beyond these, Joyland is a haunting critique of a punishing social system which refuses to accept change or love in all its forms.

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